Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. Melville even goes so far as to epitomize Billy as a Greek sculpture, a masculine beauty, the Handsome Sailor,  attributing a physical and even spiritual sense of goodness. Major theme[ edit ] This section possibly contains original research.
Later, most witnesses swear that they saw a stigma in the form of a scarlet "A" upon his chest, although some deny this statement. As Hester approaches the scaffoldmany of the women in the crowd are angered by her beauty and quiet dignity.
However, as time progresses, the meaning of the letter changed. The story of King David and Bathsheba is depicted in the tapestry in Mr. Blithedale was disappointingly received and did not produce the income Hawthorne had expected.
As she grows older, Pearl becomes capricious and unruly. Hawthorne was too saddened by the news to handle the funeral arrangements herself. With him are ministers Wilson and Dimmesdale. Throughout her early life, she had frequent migraines and underwent several experimental medical treatments.
She still sees her sin, but begins to look on it differently than the villagers ever have.
Claggart and Chillingworth represent the persistent and gnawing presence of evil in society, always hounding their prey in a systematic manner. Determined to leave Salem forever, Hawthorne moved to Lenoxlocated in the mountain scenery of the Berkshires in western Massachusetts.
When Dimmesdale dies, she knows she has to move on because she can no longer conform to the Puritans' strictness. Hester appeals to Dimmesdale in desperation, and the minister persuades the governor to let Pearl remain in Hester's care.
He is aware of the evil sin that is stirring in his path with the Devil. See II Samuel for the Biblical story. The story of King David and Bathsheba is depicted in the tapestry in Mr. As Hester approaches the scaffoldmany of the women in the crowd are angered by her beauty and quiet dignity. Instead he looked more deeply and perhaps more honestly into life, finding in it much suffering and conflict but also finding the redeeming power of love.
Illustration by Walter Crane for the edition. After she returns to her prison cell, the jailer brings in Roger Chillingworth, a physician, to calm Hester and her child with his roots and herbs.
The rosebush is perceived as a symbol of brightness in a story filled with human sorrow. She wrote in one of her journals: He was a Puritan minister involved with the government of the colony, and also the Salem Witch Trials. His new short-story collection, Mosses from an Old Manse, appeared in Following her release from prison, Hester settles in a cottage at the edge of town and earns a meager living with her needlework, which is of extraordinary quality.
Martin Luther — was a leader of the Protestant Reformation in Germany.Nathaniel Hawthorne’s work embodies psychological and moral insights that still resonate today.
The Scarlet Letter was a daring, subversive work for its time that has never really lost its place on bookshelves or school reading lists. One of the writers he influenced, Hermann Melville, had to be. Man’s struggle When one thinks of a man’s struggle, it is not taken seriously.
The struggle of women or the struggle of African Americans, during Nathaniel Hawthorne’s era, was more common. A common theme for Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short stories is the struggle of man. Nathaniel Hawthorne's family had deep roots in Salem. As a result, the town and Nathaniel's Salem ancestors themselves greatly influenced his writing.
Born in Salem on July 4,Nathaniel Hawthorne was the great-great grandson of the Salem Witch Trials judge John Hathorne. Hawthorne approached it in a guarded way; that is why his works are so full of allegory and symbolism.
Modern authors such as horror writer Stephen King have no such qualms. Hawthorne lived and died. Hawthorne's life is to be read in his works, and especially in his Note-Books. His biography is simply a record of the growth of his mind.
His Note-Books paint him as he was, his reserve included. The Scarlet Letter is a revolutionary novel by Nathaniel Hawthorne examining the ugliness, complexity, and strength of the human spirit and character that shares new ideas about independence and the struggles women faced in 17th century America.Download